In the world of applications, the market is controlled by two major players iOS (App store) and Android (Play Store).
Mobile apps can, therefore, be present on these two operating systems. But for businesses with mobile apps, this represents a real commercial issue.
When choosing to build a mobile application, among many questions comes the choice of technology and the development language that will be used.
If you need to produce a mobile application for iOS and Android, you have the choice between creating so-called “native” applications or a so-called “hybrid” or “cross-platform” application.
Native Development – using a specific language, called Swift or Objectif-C for iOS apps, Java for Android apps, and Flutter for both iOS and Android.
Hybrid Development – with React Native, Ionic, or Cordova, are cross-platform frameworks, Android, iOS, and Web.
Native App Development
As we explained, the native mobile application is written in the specific language of the smartphone. Such as Java for Android and Swift for iOS, or Flutter usable for both!
Native apps are the most popular medium today. These are mobile applications specially developed for an operating system (iOS or Android). An application developed for Android will not work on iOS and vice versa.
Each operating system has specific codes and characteristics, which makes the development of a native app longer, more complex, and therefore more expensive.
It is, therefore, necessary to develop the same mobile application twice if you want to publish it on these two different operating systems.
When you opt for a native application, this assures you of very good quality since it is tailor-made for the said platforms and therefore offers a better experience to your users.
Benefits of Native App Development
- Better performance: There is no better solution than using the native language.
- Direct access to all the features that your smartphone can offer (GPS, Camera, Virtual reality, Notification, SMS, etc.)
- No performance loss between an app and use of iOS / Android SDKs.
- Immortal language because it will always be updated by Apple / Android, unlike Facebook’s React Native which is not their main product.
- Access to the latest technologies developed by Android or iOS (IoT, ARCore, ARKit, etc.)
- Excellent support from the developer community.
- Regular language update.
Disadvantages of Native App Development
The cost of development, is because you have to develop in two different languages for iOS and Android (Except since the creation of Flutter in 2018, which allows native development for both iOS and Android).
Hybrid App Development
A hybrid app is an application that is developed once for both operating systems.
This is what makes this option less expensive. However, the adaptation of hybrid apps has its limits.
Each platform (iOS and Android) has specificities that must be respected, but hybrid apps do not allow 100% adaptation.
This detail is important because a hybrid mobile application will not have a similar quality to a native application.
This option can be interesting for a very simple mobile application (no complex functionalities). However, keep in mind that only 10% of the developer population code with hybrid technologies.
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Hybrid frameworks do not use language specific to Android or iOS smartphones.
Benefits of Hybrid App Development
- Cross-platform code: One code to create an application on Android & iOS.
- Easier to find the cause of a bug, because React Native uses declarative programming.
- Instant reloading allows you to update the application while it is in use. This favors the production process.
Disadvantages of Hybrid App Development
- Features: Not all the features specific to smartphones are accessible in hybrid language. It is then necessary to develop certain functionalities in the native language to be able to use them from React Native.
- Performance management: a hybrid language does not have the same performance as a native language. Reduced performance when using big data.
- Less Fluid Navigation: React Native does not have a perfect solution for navigating between interfaces, which constrains the user experience.
- Developer profile difficult to find, knowledge of the Web (JS) + knowledge of the native language to use certain features.
Hybrid or Native – Which Mobile Application Development to Choose?
To sum up, hybrid development is faster than native development, because one can develop a single solution for Android and iOS, which reduces the cost of development.
On the other hand, native development makes it possible to produce applications with higher performance and better stability, but more expensive because it is necessary to develop in two programming languages Swift & Java.
However, at OneClick we want the best for our customers, which is why we are developing with the Google Flutter SDK. It allows you to have all the advantages of the hybrid and the native without their disadvantages!
Because yes it allows development in the native language, therefore with the best performance using a single solution for Android & iOS and therefore at the same price as a single app.
If you want to know more about mobile application development in the native language, especially with Flutter, do not hesitate to contact us, we will be happy to discuss it together.
The choice between these two solutions will depend on many factors, your budget, your needs, the idea you have of your ideal mobile application.
So if you want to develop a video game, it will certainly be more judicious to opt for a native application, but if you want to adapt your web app to the mobile app market, then hybrid development will surely be more suitable.
It is important to define your mobile project before you start. The more precise the specifications, the clearer the choice between these two options will be.
Assume that the more features your app has, the more complex it will be, and the less recommended the hybrid app option will be.
Our advice, surround yourself with the best hybrid or native app development company that will be able to guide you in your choice in order to make your investment a quality product.